In the last decade the popularity of microfiber cleaning products such as towels, mops, and dusters has grown exponentially. The reason for this popularity is simple, they’re very effective tools. These products clean with less effort than traditional methods and without the need of additional chemicals. The tools with which to use them are also more ergonomic than traditional cleaning equipment.
First, let’s look at what microfiber is. Microfiber is defined as any fiber that is 1 denier or less (denier is a measurement of fineness equal to a unit associated with fiber weighing one gram for each 9000 meters). To put that into perspective, each fiber is 1/100th the diameter of a human hair and 1/20th the diameter of a strand of silk. There are approximately 200, 000 fibers in one square inch of a microfiber towel. High Quality fibers used for cleaning is often 0. 5 denier or smaller. That creates a lot of surface area in which to absorb liquid or hold dust as well as dirt.
In cleaning items microfiber is really a blend of polyester and polyamide (nylon). In higher quality cleaning textiles the actual fiber is actually split during the manufacturing process to produce spaces in each fiber. If you were to look at a cross section of the split fiber it would look like an asterisk. It’s the split fiber working in conjunction with the space between them that do the work. They pick up and hold the dust and also dirt, and absorb fluid. Lower quality micro dietary fiber cleaning products may not be split (neither will be micro fibers clothing or furniture because you don’t want them to be absorbent).
For Microfiber Cleaning Product to be effective as a cleaning product it has to be split. If it isn’t divided during manufacturing it isn’t much more than a very soft cloth, duster or even mop. When it is used in clothing, furniture and other applications isn’t split because it isn’t designed to be absorbent, just soft. It’s important when buying these cleansing products to make sure that they’re divided. When buying from a retail store if the packaging doesn’t say its split, don’t assume it is. One way to determine if it is break up is to run the palm of your hand over it. If this grabs the actual imperfections on your skin then it’s divide. Another way is to pour a small amount of water on a table along with take a towel or mop and try to push the water. If the water is pushed it’s not separated, if the water is absorbed or sucked into the fabric then it is split.